A skeletal frame with a BCS below 3.5 on the Henneke Body Condition Scoring (BCS) Scale:  
the backbone is prominent but fat covers to the midpoint, slight fat layer over the ribs, tail
head is evident, withers, shoulders and neck are emphasized
(Henneke, 1983)},

Large abdomen                                                                                                   Disproportionately large head compared to  
                                                                                                                    the body.

Constipation, diarrhea, poor or abnormal
manure output, foul smelling manure.                                                                Dull or shaggy hair coat that won’t shed.

Loss of hair                                                                                                          Depression

Low hanging head                                                                                               Motionless tail & ears

Dull & expressionless eyes                                                                                   Lethargy

Nervousness                                                                                                        Lack of interaction with herd mates

Laying down a lot                                                                                                Unable to rise without assistance

Colic                                                                                                                     Difficulty swallowing

Stereotypie behaviors including cribbing and                                                       Jaundiced eyes
repetitive movements
10-Month-Old Quarter Horse Filly.
Note the stunted stature, misshapen and
disproportionately large head, expressionless eyes,
contracted tendons, lifeless tail & ears, and of course
the excessively long coat which hides her skeletal
frame.  Diarrhea is also visible on her hind leg.
The spine and hip-bones are
clearly visible through the hair.
The pictures below show the dramatic difference that proper nutrition makes in equine development.  At the time that these pictures were
taken the 2 horses were @ the same age (10 months), breed (Quarter Horse), breeding (cutter), sex (filly) & color.  They were both taken
within days of each other in February of 2007.  The horses lived in the same area-within 15 miles of each other.  The filly on the left is
well-nourished and has received optimal care from conception on.  The filly on the right has probably suffered malnourishment and
deprivation from conception on.   Note the abnormal structure of the malnourished filly's head .  This indicates that there may have been
an imbalance in the Ca:P ratio during  development.     
Picture Taken February 18,2007
Picture Taken February 15, 2007
DOB March 24,2006
DOB March-April 2006
The subject matter presented on this site is for information purposes only and is not intended to replace proper veterinary care.
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